The element lead is easy to extract. Beryllium is an alkaline … There are many unique things about Beryllium, for example; Beryllium is found in 30 different minerals. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Compared to steel’s specific stiffness, Beryllium’s specific stiffness is 6x more! 9. Beryllium is used as an alloy with copper to make spark-proof tools. Beryllium has a long history, having been known to the ancient Egyptians in beryl and in emeralds. 12. International Agency for Research on Cancer has said that Beryllium is carcinogenic and that prolonged exposure to this element can lead to lung cancer. © 2020 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Aká¹£a Ventures. Over the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from the site. Number of isotopes (atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons): 12, including one stable isotope. Beryllium is two-thirds the density of aluminum. Thanks For Watching Subscribe to become a part of #TeamHealthApta SUBSCRIBE for awesome videos every day! But the chemists who discovered this unique property of beryllium also found that it is in fact highly toxic and should therefore never be tasted, according to Jefferson Lab. But before we start…, Okay, now that we have some important information about the element in hand, let us take a look at the facts that we intend to share with you. But workers who handle the metal need to watch out, as airborne beryllium has been known to be highly toxic. "For the most part, it depends upon a genetic susceptibility," he said. In those countries, they call the element as Glucinum or Glucinium. May 19, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. Interestingly, not all those who get exposed to potentially harmful levels of beryllium will experience an allergic, potentially deadly reaction. 15. Rising fossil fuel costs and climate change concerns have produced a global emphasis on renewable energy production and sources. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Using a technique known as cosmogenic nuclide dating, scientists can determine how long rocks have been exposed to the air by measuring their levels of beryllium-10, a radioactive isotope of beryllium. This means that those people who are involved in Beryllium mining are in greater danger. Beryllium has 4 electrons, 4 protons, and 5 neutrons.. Beryllium is most likely known for the chemical compounds it forms. In 1781, the Swedish chemis… Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Interesting Facts/Atomic Structure of Beryllium. 0. 3. Some of these are emeralds and aquamarines.. Beryllium has one of the highest melting points of the light metals. Favorite Answer. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. In case you find chemistry to be a boring subject, it is a different matter altogether but we, pretty strongly believe that you will find this particular set of facts interesting! For instance, it is one of the lightest metals and has one of the highest melting points among the light metals, according to the Los Alamos National Laboratory. 10. "The beryllium changes the shape of otherwise innocuous self-peptides [peptides produced by the body's own tissues] so that T cells recognize them as foreign and dangerous." About 85 percent of people who develop chronic beryllium disease after getting exposed have an immune system protein known as HLA-DP2, according to recent research published in July 2014 in the journal Cell. Beryllium has high thermal conductivity, is nonmagnetic, and resists attack by concentrated nitric acid. For example, after a rock avalanche, boulders that land on top of the heap have surfaces that are exposed to the sky for the first time. 6-10 Interesting Facts About Gemstones 6. When this metal is exposed to concentrated Nitric Acid, nothing happens. redbeardthegiant. Of all alkaline earth metals known to us, Beryllium is the lightest of all. SHARES. Not just discovery, we actually left out several other Beryllium fun facts that you should learn to supplement your knowledge about this particular element. When bombarded by alpha particles, it yields neutrons in the ratio of approximately 30 million neutrons per million alpha particles. One interesting use of beryllium involves X-ray tubes. Facts about the Classification of the Element Beryllium Beryllium is classified as an "Alkaline Earth Metals" which are located in Group 2 elements of the Periodic Table. It also finds various applications in Nuclear reactors as a reflector. 18. US Geological Survey says that Beryllium is considered as a critical and strategic material by US Department of Defense. Of all alkaline earth metals known to us, Beryllium is the lightest of all. Beryllium Science & Technology Association, University of California San Francisco Medical Center, The best Lego sets for alien, sci-fi, space fans and more, 20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics in history, Catch the full moon (and a penumbral eclipse) on Monday, Adorable monkeys caught commiting grisly act of cannibalism, Megalodon nurseries reveal world’s largest shark had a soft side, Atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus): 4, Atomic weight (average mass of the atom): 9.012182, Melting point: 2,348.6 degrees Fahrenheit (1,287 degrees Celsius). 7. The mirrors that are used in James Webb Telescope of NASA actually have Beryllium as the main ingredient. The list contains 20 materials and Beryllium is one of them. In 1797. Lv 7. The metal sits on the 4th place on the period table but when it comes to abundance on Earth, it takes the 44th. Share Tweet. By weight, beryllium has six times the specific stiffness of steel. The longer the surface area is exposed, the greater the amount of beryllium-10, according to the University of Utah. Beryllium was discovered in 1798 by the French chemist Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, who found it in the oxide form in beryl and a green-colored variety of beryl, emerald.The metal was isolated in 1828 by two chemists, Friedrich Wölhler from Germany and Antoine Bussy from France, who independently reduced beryllium chloride (BeCl2) with potassium in a platinum crucible, according to the Jefferson Lab. He noticed that sub-atomic particles were released when alpha particles bombarded the element. Neon has a melting point of ‑248.59 C (‑415.46 F) and a boiling point of ‑246.08 C (‑410.94 F). Beryllium copper is also used in windshield frame, brake discs, support beams, and other structural components of the space shuttle. Though Beryllium is a relatively soft metal, it is actually hard and at room temperature, it is a brittle element. At that time, miners in Germany noticed that some ore would interfere with the reduction of cassiterite and produce slag. The symbol of Beryllium is Be. Zirconium is a silvery-white transition metal with element symbol Zr, atomic number 40, density 6.49g / cm³, melting point 1852 ° C, boiling point 4377 ° C. Because of its complicated preparation process, it is not easy to be extracted, so it is often called “rare metal”. As a lightweight metal, beryllium is useful for the production of high performance aircrafts, satellites and even spacecraft. In addition to providing us with some fascinating facts, beryllium also has many practical uses. 1. This was found by the person who discovered the element. 4. These sub-atomic particles were electrically neutral! Receive news and offers from our other brands? 2. Kazakhstan, America and China are the only three countries in this world that produce Beryllium on industrial scale. If you are exposed at high air levels of beryllium it can result in acute beryllium disease. 8. This move aims to create a separate website that is not related to studies and provides only interesting stuff! Beryllium was the primary ingredient used to make mirrors in NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, according to, The U.S. Department of Defense classifies beryllium as a strategic and critical material as it can be found in products that are essential to national security, according to the, The United States is the world’s leading beryllium source and producer. Well, there are many more interesting facts like that. An Element classified as an Alkaline Earth Metals are found in the Earth’s crust, but not in the elemental form as they are so reactive. 2. 14. Beryllium played a role in the discovery of the neutron when James Chadwick bombarded beryllium with alpha particles and discovered the subatomic particle with no net electric charge. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin also discovered the element chromium. The metal sits on the 4 th place on the period table but when it comes to abundance on Earth, it takes the 44 th. One of the more interesting facts about neon is that the light emitted from ionized neon can pass through water fog. 3 Answers. Other uses of beryllium include alloys for the aerospace industry. © It could also be used in powerful explosive things such as missiles!! Beryllium is non-magnetic. Other beryllium alloys are used in high-speed aircrafts and missiles, as well as spacecraft and communication satellites. Since stellar nucleosynthesis creates beryllium that is short lived, it is a rarely occurring element in the Universe. Its melting point is 1,287°C (2,349°F) and its boiling point is estimated to be about 2,500°C (4,500°F). It is because of this property that radar systems and radios are fine-tuned using this metal. Berkelium oxidation states 0, III, and IV are known to exist, and some evidence has been offered for the existence of II. 3. So, without further ado, let us learn 20 interesting Beryllium facts that you might need for your school project. Answer Save. Beryllium has long been a topic of interest to researchers who have examined its harmful effects on health in people who are exposed to the metal on a daily basis for long periods of time. Unlike most metals, beryllium is virtually transparent to x-rays and hence it is used in radiation windows for x-ray tubes. theyre all elements. He added that the new findings could one day lead to new therapeutic strategies to treat and prevent chronic beryllium disease. By Taaffeite is one of the rarest gemstones in the world and the first known mineral that has both beryllium and magnesium in its formula and is the only gemstone that has been initially identified from a cut gem. Beryl and bertrandite are the most important commercial sources of the element and its compounds. Beryllium-10 is produced when cosmic rays strike oxygen in the atmosphere. 16. Beryllium Science & Technology Association says that cellphones, cameras and other portable devices that we use on a regular basis use materials that contain Beryllium. Beryllium Facts. Despite its toxicity, the element is highly useful because of its unique qualities. The density is 1.85 grams per cm cubed. 20 Interesting Facts About Indium. 1. Beryllium is nonmagnetic and resistant to concentrated nitric acid. Check out the 20 interesting facts below! It is included as a very rare metal. This is why neon lighting is used in cold regions and for aircraft and airports. The metal was isolated in 1828 by two chemists, Friedrich Wölhler from Germany and Antoine Bussy from France, who independently reduced beryllium chloride (BeCl2) with potassium in a platinum crucible. Interesting Facts about Beryllium. 20. The metal has a high heat capacity (it can store heat) and heat conductivity (it can transfer heat efficiently).Interestingly, beryllium is transparent to X rays. A beryllium atom has four electrons and four protons. There is, however, only speculation about the possible existence of V ions. 11. However, this risk does not apply to people in the general population who do not actually handle beryllium, Pepper said. Most common isotopes: 9Be (Natural abundance: 100 percent), Emerald, morganite and aquamarine are precious forms of beryl. 8 Interesting Facts About Zirconium. Cosmogenic nuclide dating is often used to determine the dates of important geological events, such as glacier advances and retreats, rock slides, meteor impacts and lava flows. 17. European Commission has a list of critical raw materials. Particles from incoming cosmic rays (high-energy radiation from outer space) begin to hit these boulder surfaces, creating beryllium-10. The reason why Beryllium is resistant to concentrated nitric acid is that when left in air, Beryllium reacts with air forming a thin film of BeO – a hard oxide of the metal – on the metal’s surface. Interesting Facts about Beryllium. Named after beryllos, the Greek name for the mineral beryl, the element was originally known as glucinium — from Greek glykys, meaning "sweet" — to reflect its characteristic taste. Please refresh the page and try again. Beryllium has but a single isotope, beryllium-9 which is not radioactive but beryllium-10, which cosmic rays produce in the upper atmosphere, is radioactive with a half-life of 1.5 million years. Its density is 1.8 grams per cubic centimeter. thanks!? There is currently no cure for the disease, whose progression can be slowed by medication, oxygen therapy, and lung transplants in severe cases, according to the University of California San Francisco Medical Center. It is infused in Earth’s crust by cosmic rays. NY 10036. Beryllium is a chemical element with the symbol Be and atomic number 4. 3. The boiling point of Beryllium is 4476°F, while it has the melting point at 2349°F. Though Beryllium is a relatively soft metal, it is actually hard and at room temperature, it is a brittle element. We hope these periodic table facts are interesting and help you learn more about this important chemistry tool. 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A grayish-white surface Webb Telescope of NASA actually have beryllium as the main ingredient a.. Of # TeamHealthApta Subscribe for awesome videos every day occurs as a reflector and absorber of neutrons, shield. Domain is ready and the articles are published, we are going to learn those.. In acute beryllium disease an interesting history well as spacecraft and communication satellites from ionized neon can pass water... Interestingly, not all those who get exposed to concentrated nitric acid, nothing happens cherran, Leave comment! Beryllium atom has four electrons and four protons reporting by Traci Pedersen, Science. Are precious forms of beryl boiling point of ‑246.08 C ( ‑415.46 F ) the of! Us learn 20 interesting beryllium facts: it is infused in earth ’ s crust cosmic...