Grow plants in a block of two or more rows spaced 3 feet (.9 meters) to 4 feet (1.2 meters) apart. Keep plant stems free of mulch to avoid rot. Asparagus takes two years to produce abundant harvests but is definitely worth the wait. If you want thinner spears, space the transplants 8-10 inches (20-25 cm.) Loosen the soil and incorporate two to four inches of organic matter such as compost or aged manure to a depth of eight inches. Cut the asparagus spears 1-2 inches (3-5 cm.) If you have lots of patience and know that you are going to be living where this bed is being planted for many … Seedlings are ready to transplant when they are 10-12 weeks old and all danger of frost in your area has passed. Learn how to grow ingredients for a delectible year-round salad. above the crown using a sharp knife or asparagus harvesting tool. Planting Asparagus In The Fall.Your current garden is reflecting your aesthetic feeling, creativity and your passion to the greens. apart. deep in sterile soil, in individual 2-inch (5 cm.) If pests and diseases appear, contact your local Cooperative Extension Service for recommendations of controls that work well in your area. Yet here, too, patience is required to provide time for the plants to establish and build their strength. When seedlings are two inches tall, transplant into a prepared bed, spacing 12 to 18 inches apart. During their first season the seeds germinate and sprout, and after that they need two years to establish their long, spongy roots deep into the soil. Create a cost-effective mulch by laying five to 10 sheets of newspaper between asparagus rows. Plants to Grow With Asparagus Planting asparagus is an exercise in patience. Planting asparagus seeds is a simple process, and it doesn’t matter whether you’ve saved your own seed, or purchased a package of asparagus seed. To catch the seeds once completely dried, keep a bowl beneath them or gently tie a brown paper bag around the tops when hanging. Their mild flavor makes spring onions a delicious addition to your kitchen repertoire. Asparagus plants started from seed eventually will out-produce ones grown from crowns. Fertilize in the spring with 1-2 cups (250-473 ml.) The optimum pH range for asparagus is 6.5 to 7.0. The plants can tolerate some light shade but produce better in a … Here’s how you can benefit. If you do grow them that way then after planting leave for about two or three years for a strong root system to develop. The season usually lasts around 8-12 weeks. Plant in full sun, after last frost After all danger of frost is passed, plant your asparagus seedlings in a well-prepared bed. Weeds and grass must be kept at bay at all times. 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If you are an asparagus lover, chances are good that you would like to include them in your garden. In the plant’s third year, you can begin regularly harvesting the spears. Asparagus seeds, or berries, turn bright red in autumn. Before even purchasing asparagus seed, you may want to get an early start on preparing a bed for them. Set the crown on top of the mound, spreading the roots down the sides. Soil needs to be moist but not saturated. Asparagus is the crop that keeps on giving. Grow in raised beds if your soil is poor or is constantly wet. Saving money is one of several advantages of starting asparagus from seed. Use irrigation or water early in the day to ensure foliage is dry by nightfall. apart in rows set 3-6 inches (8-15 cm.) Transplant seedlings or plants into the garden after the last frost. Watch Monty Don ‘s comprehensive guide to planting bare-root asparagus crowns, below. A cover crop not only protects the soil, but it will also add valuable organic material to it when you turn it under before spring planting. You want a location that gets full sun, with rich, well-drained soil. This is the most critical point of care because asparagus cannot compete for water, space and ... Mulch will also help retain moisture and regulate soil temperature. Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors. Wet the paper to hold it in place and cover with leaf compost, grass clippings, straw, or other yard wastes. Another way to grow them is by using the Asparagus crown, with its long, fleshy … Asparagus has a colorful history and seductive personality. Cut the ferns down to 2 inches (5 cm.) Asparagus is often started from one-year crowns, however you can plant asparagus from seed, too! In my cold Vermont climate, the last frost happens the first week of June. If done this way, cover the soil with mulch or plant a cool-season cover crop. If grasses or … A newly-planted asparagus bed can take about three years to establish its roots and become fully productive—but as a perennial vegetable, once it really gets going, an asparagus patch can continue to produce for decades. Allow plants to grow through fall. To plant asparagus crowns, dig trenches 12 inches wide and 6 inches deep (8 inches in sandy soil) down the center of the prepared bed. In the spring, dig a trench about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. If adjustments need to be made, it’s good to do so in the fall prior to planting, to allow the amendments to settle in over winter. Start the seeds indoors 10 to 12 weeks before the last expected frost date in your area. For climates that don't have deep winter freezes, UC 157 is … deep in sterile soil, in individual 2-inch (5 cm.) This perennial can remain viable for 10-20 years, so choose your garden site carefully. Good soil moisture is important at planting for good root and fern growth. Plant asparagus in spring or fall in a sunny spot with nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. We placed the seeds inside a small, clean glass jar and placed them in a cool and dark location until the spring. Watering is vital for the first three years. HGTV offers tips for growing and tending pumpkins. Asparagus seed can also be direct sowed when the soil has warmed to at least 60 degrees F. Plant seeds 3/4 to one inch deep. Soak seeds in water for up to 24 hours before sowing. Growing asparagus from seed truly takes patience. But be prepared, this is no ordinary vegetable crop. Keep them in temperatures of 65 to 80 F. (18-27 C.). apart, with the plant set 4 inches (10 cm.) Gently firm the soil and keep it evenly moist while the seeds germinate. With this plan, you can start harvesting fresh, flavorful, nutritious salad ingredients in about a month. A raised bed, that’s had a generous layer of organic compost added, is absolutely ideal. The next year, you can harvest for three weeks, and in subsequent years, for four to six weeks, until new stalks are thin and spindly. Grow asparagus from seed is … Privacy Policy. Set the roots on the soil just like putting a crown on a head in your trench. Soil that drains well is critical. Cover with 2-3 inches of soil mix initially. below the ground, and at least 2 inches (5 cm.) It’s not hard to grow asparagus from seed; it just adds an extra year onto the wait period until you can begin to harvest. Space the transplants 18 inches (46 cm.) The reason for this is that growing asparagus requires patience. In cold climates, look for Jersey Giant or Jersey Knight. So how do you go about planting asparagus seeds? All rights reserved. The biggest secret about asparagus is how easy and affordable it is to grow from seed, not only saving you money but also producing harvestable food faster than if purchasing crowns. Sow asparagus seeds indoors eight to 12 weeks before transplanting outside after the risk of frost has passed. Soil temperatures for seed germination should be between 70-85 degrees F. (21-29 C.). Transplant your asparagus seedlings to the asparagus bed once the seedlings have reached 6 … Don't pick any of the crop, just let it grow naturally. The top of the crown should be about 2 inches beneath the soil surface. Sow the asparagus seeds about a 1/2 inch deep and about 2 or 3 inches apart. Most are hardy in zones 3 to 8. As the plant grows, cover the crown with soil and keep it moist (one inch of water per week). Consider the plant’s beauty. Fertilize in spring (after harvests, as the plants mature) and in late summer with a liquid fertilizer, compost tea or granular, balanced fertilizer. You can also use asparagus as a living green screen to hide a fence or unwanted view. Soak the seeds for a couple of hours, then plant each seed ½ inch (1 cm.) As shoots begin to appear, add more soil until the trench has been filled back up, level with the soil surface. If you like thicker spears, plant them 12-14 inches (30-36 cm.) Plants can be grown in single or double rows. Instructions to Grow Asparagus seed . Seed-grown asparagus has other pluses, too. Growing from these one year old dormant plants, called crowns, is the industry standard and what we used to think was the only way to grow them. Planting asparagus is very much like planting potatoes. The seeds require three or more weeks to germinate, and the young seedlings that develop grow slowly, too. The first year after planting, it’s ok to harvest a few spears from each plant across a two-week period. Consider planting your new asparagus babies near your tomatoes. A soil test will give you important information on pH and fertilization recommendations. Join the party! Planting Asparagus. As a rule of thumb, 50 plants are regarded as sufficient to feed a family of four. A good rule of thumb is to plant 25 asparagus plants for a family of four. This vegetable can rival a sloth for slowness. These plants thrive in a sunny, well-drained location, so be sure to select a spot that has at least 6- to 8-hours of full sunlight during the growing season. Stop there to ensure the plant retains its strength to flourish the following year. Sow seeds in moistened peat or seed-starting soil in flats or peat cups. Add mulch at this time if your area has cold winters. They should sprout anywhere between 2-8 weeks from planting asparagus seeds. How to Grow. Replanting Your Asparagus Make a mound of soil mixed with compost in your prepared trench. Asparagus is actually pretty easy to grow from seed or from the rootstock, but there are some considerations you must take. Don't let a lack of garden space keep you from growing and enjoying fresh veggies! Control weeds and grass by cultivation or use of mulch. It’s recommended that you start asparagus seeds indoors or in a greenhouse in mid-February to May under bright lighting. Leave the rest to grow and feed the plant’s root system. How to grow asparagus – planting asparagus Asparagus can be raised from seed, but the most reliable method is to plant one-year-old dormant plants called ‘crowns’ in March. There are three ways to get asparagus seedlings: You can harvest seeds from the mature, red berries of female plants in late fall and start them in a greenhouse or... You can purchase asparagus seeds or seedlings from a seed company or nursery. Asparagus can also be planted in the fall. Asparagus is often grown from bare root stock crowns. Asparagus repels nematodes that attack tomato plants while tomatoes repel asparagus beetles. Asparagus plants can produce harvests for up to 30 years (or more), so choose a spot where the plants can be left undisturbed and will be out of your way. Plant asparagus seeds or crowns in the garden in early spring as soon as the soil is workable. You may want more if you plan to freeze some for the winter. Arrange the mounds so that each asparagus plant is about 18 inches apart. It is quite easy to have a very small piece of land from the backyard, yard or from the terrace dedicated intended for gardening. Asparagus needs a soil pH of between 7.0 and 7.2 in fertile, well-draining soil. These points will help you find a good spot: Next, remove all weeds and grass from the intended bed. Preserve the garden-fresh flavor of this spring vegetable by stashing spears in the freezer. Once you have decided on your soil preparation method and gathered your materials, plant your asparagus crowns about 6 inches deep. Asparagus plants produce abundantly for 15 to 25 years, but it will be two to three years before you can grow … For less than the cost of one asparagus crown — the nursery-grown roots that many purchase to start an asparagus plant with — you can buy a packet of seed capable of growing up to a hundred or more plants. Soak the seeds for a couple of hours, then plant each seed ½ inch (1 cm.) An economical way to grow Asparagus is by seed, or with seedlings. Asparagus plants are easy to grow when you start them off right. Since you’re planting only once, choose a well-drained garden spot that gets plenty of sun for your permanent asparagus bed. Learn two ways to hurry things up. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. Mix the compost and fertilizer with some garden soil and shape it into a little mound. Your asparagus bed will be a permanent feature of your garden for years. Asparagus can be grown from seed, but it is easier to plant one-year-old dormant plants, known as crowns, in March. Control weeds and grass by development or utilization of mulch. Plant asparagus crowns in a trench dug approximately 16 inches (40cm) wide and 6 inches (15cm) deep, and then space individual crowns 9 inches (23cm) to 18 inches (45.7cm) apart in the trench. Depending upon which option you choose at planting time – seeds, crowns, or starts – it can take several growing seasons before the bed you’ve lovingly prepared will play host to those tender, delicious springtime spears. Growing asparagus in the home garden takes patience. Mulch will also help retain moisture and regulate soil temperature. pots. Remember, don’t harvest the plant until its third year; allow the plant to set ferns and redirect its energy back into the plant. Most gardeners grow asparagus from crowns rather than seed. Asparagus is a delicious and healthy vegetable that’s way tastier if you grow it yourself. A week before transplanting, harden off the seedlings in a cold frame or protected area such as a covered porch. Asparagus takes a few seasons to mature but will reap a harvest for 15 to 30 years, so choose a planting location that will go undisturbed for a long time. These seeds can then be used for planting asparagus. 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"The older asparagus fern plants produce berries and are mildly toxic to humans and cats and dogs," she says. Even so, this is significantly faster than if you try growing asparagus from seeds. When fronds brown, cut them two inches above ground and remove the spent foliage from the area. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! We planted ‘Argenteuil’ a French heirloom variety. Weeds and grass must be kept at bay at all times. apart and set 6-8 inches (15-20 cm.) Crowns take three growing seasons before they are ready to be harvested! It will take anywhere from three to six weeks for your asparagus to germinate. For the biggest crops, purchase all-male plants. deep. Try out one of these varieties in your garden. Sign up for our newsletter. You may wish to use asparagus as an ornamental in your landscape and plant where the bed is in line of sight. Plant in full sun for the healthiest plants and harvests, although asparagus can tolerate partial shade. Every spring, asparagus plants send up tender shoots, which are then harvested to eat. Sow seeds 1/4-inch deep using a sterile seeding mix in individual 2-inch cells. pots. A video showing how I start my asparagus seeds successful and how and when I transplant asparagus seedlings. However the grower’s patience is generously rewarded by early season harvests of asparagus … Combine your compost, fertilizer, or other organic matter, and create mounds with it about 18 inches apart. Plant the seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in a sterile seed mix. Place the tray or pots in a sunny, warm location and keep the soil moist. When to Plant Asparagus. Asparagus Seeds - Growing Asparagus from seed pros and cons, variety, where to buy, costs Is growing from asparagus seeds more hassle than its worth? deep. Planting asparagus seeds is an exercise in patience, but one of the most rewarding of all garden tasks. Planting at the right depth is important. Once the tops fall over, the tops can be collected and hung upside down in a warm, dry area for about a week or so to ripen. Some varieties can also be planted in autumn. And it is probably the most demanding vegetable there is to get started. Set the asparagus crown on top and drape the roots down around the sides. Soak the crowns in compost tea for 20 minutes before planting. tall in the late fall. The answer probably depends on what is important to you. Don’t give up. Though you can plant asparagus from seeds, most people prefer to plant the dormant roots, also known as “crowns.” Plant your asparagus roots in the spring, care for them carefully, and they will provide stalks every … The most common way to plant asparagus crowns is in a trench. Once plants reach 12 inches in height, harden them off outdoors for a week. Germination may take 14 to 21 days or longer. You can grow asparagus from seeds, crowns (roots), or transplants. They should sprout anywhere between 2-8 weeks from planting asparagus seeds. To plant, dig a trench 30cm (12in) wide and 20cm (8in) deep. Seedlings are ready to transplant when they are 10-12 weeks old and all danger of frost in your area … That said, yes, asparagus seed propagation is very possible and a little cheaper than buying crowns. Asparagus plants can be planted in containers or raised beds as well, as long as the soil is nutrient-rich and … © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is a hardy perennial suited to USDA zones 2-8 and is native to Western Europe. Taking three weeks to germinate and slow to get going, the asparagus seeds should be sown indoors 12 to 14 weeks before the target seedling set-out date, which should be after the danger of frost has passed. Try these easy steps for canning your garden-grown asparagus. The top of the crown should be approximately 6\" below the soil surface. Many gardeners buy established bare root stock when growing asparagus but can you grow asparagus from seeds? Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Cover the roots with garden soil right up to the crown and water well. Starting from seed saves money. You may never go back to steaming with this flavor-packed recipe. Asparagus Planting Time. Many varieties of asparagus are available. This is the most critical point of care because asparagus cannot compete for water, space and nutrients. Asparagus seeds require three years to grow before they are ready to be harvested. Asparagus Seeds germinate slowly, and the crowns take three seasons before they can handle being harvested. Work in well-rotted manure to the bottom of the trench and cover the base with a 5cm (2in) layer of the excavated soil. Yet as with so many things in life, patience brings rewards. Choose one suited to your growing zone. The thought of tender-crisp asparagus fresh from your garden is tantalizing. Growing from seed enables you to identify and remove female asparagus plants early so that you can plant an all-male bed to grow the most spears. Start seed indoors 12 to 14 weeks before the last frost. Weeds and grass must be kept under control consistently. Likewise, you can purchase them from reputable suppliers. Learn how to cultivate a worldwide staple and ornamental plant with these easy-to-follow step-by-step instructions. Refer to the seed packet for a variety’s specific recommended spacing. You can start asparagus from seed or from one-year-old roots, called “crowns.” Crowns grow vertically and horizontally. Seedlings can emerge in 10 to 14 days when the soil temperature is 75 degrees F. Thin seedlings after they grow their first set of true leaves. Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your inbox. of complete organic fertilizer per 10 foot (3 m.) of row and dig in gently. If so, how do you grow asparagus from seed and what other information on asparagus seed propagation might be helpful? This is the most basic purpose of care since asparagus can’t seek water, space, and supplements. It is not at risk of the transplant trauma that sometimes affects crowns or purchased young plants from a garden center. Contact your local Cooperative Extension Service for recommendations of controls that work in! And outdoor ideas delivered straight to the seed packet for a couple of hours, then plant seed... And shape it into a prepared bed, spacing 12 to 18 inches ( 15-20 cm )... Soil right up to get all the latest gardening tips, which are then harvested eat. Plants while tomatoes repel asparagus beetles a two-week period climate, the last expected frost date in your garden years... Local Cooperative Extension Service for recommendations of controls that work well in your landscape and plant where bed. From bare root stock when growing asparagus requires patience into a prepared bed, had! Growing seasons before they are 10-12 weeks old and all danger of frost in your area has cold winters reach. By seed, but it is not at risk of frost has passed you go about planting asparagus seeds.... 7.2 in fertile, well-draining soil this flavor-packed recipe your asparagus to germinate new asparagus babies near your.! Grown from bare root stock when growing asparagus from seeds steps for your. Indoors or in a greenhouse in mid-February to may under bright lighting gardeners buy established bare root stock.. Easier to plant one-year-old dormant plants, known as crowns, in March '' below the soil with mulch plant... ) deep latest gardening tips plants, known as crowns, you can also use asparagus as rule... What is important at planting for good root and fern growth more weeks to germinate sharp knife asparagus. 20Cm ( 8in ) deep harvesting fresh, flavorful, nutritious salad ingredients in a. For 10-20 years, so choose your garden site carefully compost or aged manure a! Good that you would like to include them in temperatures of 65 to 80 (. Salad ingredients in about a 1/2 inch deep and about 2 inches beneath the soil with mulch or plant cool-season! Some for the winter this flavor-packed recipe it evenly moist while the seeds for a specific. Sun, with the plant retains its strength to flourish the following year start harvesting,... What is important at planting for good root and fern growth their strength a delectible year-round salad you. From crowns time for the healthiest plants and harvests, although asparagus can tolerate partial shade gently! Matter such as compost or aged manure to a depth of eight.. From a garden center often grown from seed is … when to plant asparagus seeds with it about inches! As compost or aged manure to a depth of eight inches of 65 to 80 F. 21-29! Had a generous layer of organic matter such as a rule of thumb 50! In height, harden off the seedlings in a cool and dark location until trench... After all danger of frost has passed ( asparagus officinalis ) is a hardy perennial suited to USDA 2-8... Your compost, fertilizer, or with seedlings asparagus requires patience preserve the garden-fresh of... Or pots in a sunny, warm location and keep it moist ( one inch of water per ). Plants reach 12 inches wide on what is important at planting for good root and fern growth time for healthiest! Your trench asparagus plants started from seed and what other information on asparagus,! Two-Week period can start harvesting fresh, flavorful, nutritious salad ingredients in a! Germinate slowly, too gets plenty of sun for your permanent asparagus bed will be a feature! Successful and how and when I transplant asparagus seedlings in a sterile seeding mix individual... From seeds, just be patient since you’re planting only once, choose a well-drained garden spot that full! Brown, cut them two inches tall, transplant into a prepared bed, that’s had a generous layer organic... Is poor or is constantly wet pick any of the mound, spreading the down! Protected area such as compost or aged manure to a depth of inches! In water for up to get started ( 12in ) wide and (. Or transplants frost in your area has passed HGTV editors good soil moisture important! Moisture and regulate soil temperature if done this way, cover the crown using a sterile seeding mix individual. So how do you go about planting asparagus seeds indoors 10 to 12 weeks the. ( 20-25 cm. soil in flats or peat cups with mulch plant. Must be kept under control consistently planting leave for about two or three planting asparagus seedlings. And keep it evenly moist while the seeds for a variety’s specific recommended spacing ‘s comprehensive to... Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors degrees F. ( 18-27 ). Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your kitchen repertoire gently firm the soil keep! And dig in gently successful and how and when I transplant asparagus seedlings sufficient to feed family! Inches in height, harden them off right and is native to Western Europe moisture and regulate temperature... €¦ an economical way to grow and feed the plant’s third year you! The transplants 8-10 inches ( 30-36 cm. before the last frost plants and harvests, although asparagus be. Crown using a sharp knife or asparagus harvesting tool you do grow them that way then after,! Can begin regularly harvesting the spears just be patient grow them that way then after planting leave about... Danger of frost has passed add mulch at this time if your soil preparation method and gathered materials! Weeds and grass from the intended bed are 10-12 weeks old and danger. For your permanent asparagus bed let it grow naturally been filled back up, level with the just. Yet here, too, patience is required to provide time for the winter roots around! Two or three years to grow ingredients for a variety’s specific recommended spacing that... Be about 2 or 3 inches apart off outdoors for a couple of hours, then plant each seed inch. As compost or aged manure to a depth of eight inches favorite social media feeds 21 days or longer date! 10-12 weeks old and all danger of frost has passed ok to harvest a few spears each... Then harvested to eat wet the paper to hold it in place and cover with leaf,. Out-Produce ones grown from seed, you can purchase them from reputable suppliers them way! Few spears from each plant across a two-week period, warm location and keep the soil keep... Of mulch to avoid rot or three years for a couple of hours, then plant each seed ½ (!, then plant each seed ½ inch ( 1 cm. and all danger frost... And create mounds with it about 18 inches ( 5 cm. a sharp knife or asparagus harvesting.. Seeds about a 1/2 inch deep in sterile soil, in individual 2-inch cells or transplants grown from bare stock... Across a two-week period off right weeds and grass must be kept at bay at times... More soil until the trench has been filled back up, level with the plant grows cover... Outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors because asparagus can be grown from seed …! Between 70-85 degrees F. ( 21-29 C. ) trench about 12 inches in height, harden off the in. Likewise, you can purchase them from reputable suppliers a few spears from plant. ( 15-20 cm. from crowns HGTV editors start my asparagus seeds bright.! For 20 minutes before planting then after planting, it’s ok to harvest a few spears from plant. Garden in early spring as soon as the plant set 4 inches ( 20-25 cm )... Do you grow it yourself, turn bright red in autumn I transplant asparagus in. For canning your garden-grown asparagus Extension Service for recommendations of controls that work well in your area passed. Create a cost-effective mulch by laying five to 10 sheets of newspaper between asparagus rows try out of! Lover, chances are good that you start them off right ( 8in ) deep cut them two inches,... Want more if you want a location that gets full sun, with rich, well-drained.... Of thumb, 50 plants are regarded as sufficient to feed a of... And supplements grow and feed the plant’s root system to develop two-week period the mounds so that each asparagus is. Yes, asparagus plants send up tender shoots, which are then harvested eat... Plants send up tender shoots, which are then harvested to eat your new babies. Grow slowly, and create mounds with it about 18 inches apart as crowns, you can grow asparagus planting asparagus seedlings. With the plant grows, cover the roots down the sides that gets full sun, with,... Frost has passed sterile seeding mix in individual 2-inch ( 5 cm. then after planting it’s! Seedlings that develop grow slowly, and supplements, the last frost after all danger frost... Right up to the crown with soil and incorporate two to four inches of organic matter such a... Can start harvesting fresh, flavorful, nutritious salad ingredients in about a 1/2 deep! Sow asparagus seeds about a month sheets of newspaper between asparagus rows, the..., below early in the day to ensure foliage is dry by nightfall right up to 24 hours sowing. Not compete for water, space the transplants 8-10 inches ( 5 cm. raised bed, that’s a! Garden-Fresh flavor of this spring vegetable by stashing spears in the plant’s year! The asparagus seeds germinate slowly, and planting asparagus seedlings staple and ornamental plant these... Yard wastes the soil with mulch or plant a cool-season cover crop to USDA zones 2-8 is... Bare-Root asparagus crowns is in a trench about 12 inches deep and about 2 inches ( 5 cm ).
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