Some groups are performing or “hacking” religion to win support for transhumanist ideas, says Singler. And their tendency to claim we sit at the pinnacle of creation is undermined by a growing sense that humans are not so very significant in the grand scheme of things. Perhaps religions never do really die. The Future of Religion Worldwide. Religion News Service put that question to an intellectually and spiritually diverse range of scholars, leaders, activists and experts, asking them to reflect on the past decade and use it as a springboard to conceive the biggest themes likely to materialize in the 2020s.. Perhaps the religions that span the world today are less durable than we think. ), A flame burns in a Zoroastrian Fire Temple, possibly for more than a millennium (Credit: Getty Images). Religion will be a non-event in Australia within two generations according to the head of the country's atheist foundation. So three years ago, Irzak and some friends set about building one. Despite this, religion is not disappearing on a global scale – at least in terms of numbers. A church service in Berlin uses Star Wars to engage the congregation (Credit: Getty Images), Are these movements for real? Secularism is on the rise, with science providing tools to understand and shape the world. Nations like Soviet Russia and China “adopted atheism as state policy and frowned on even private religious expression.”. Transhumanism, Jediism, the Witnesses of Climatology and the myriad of other new religious movements may never amount to much. Continue reading “What is the future of religion? Pastor John MacArthur and California church closings: Why isn't this a national story? This time you will be able to talk to God, literally, and know that it’s listening.”. (Read about the "light triad" traits that can make you a good person.). Not all are liberally inclined. Munificent economies, good government, solid education and effective rule of law can ensure that we rub along happily without any kind of religious framework. Models Used To “Predict” The Future Of Religion. He cites research showing that people ignore authoritarian pitches until they sense a deterioration of social norms. What Is the Future of Religion? Given all that, there’s a growing consensus that the future of religion is that it has no future.”, Thinkers have been promoting that same consensus since the 17th and 18th Century “Enlightenment.”, A special problem hampered religions during the past century, he briefly acknowledges. Like many cliches, it’s rooted in truth. But as missionary religions know, what begins as a mere flirtation or idle curiosity – perhaps piqued by a resonant statement or appealing ceremony – can end in a sincere search for truth. In 1968, the eminent sociologist Peter Berger told the New York Times that by “the 21st Century, religious believers are likely to be found only in small sects, huddled together to resist a worldwide secular culture”. (An exception: Shinto, an ancient animist religion, is still widely practised in hyper-modern Japan.). The congregation numbers a few hundred, but Irzak, as a good engineer, is committed to testing out ways to grow that number. At the other end of the spectrum, the teeming societies of the West are at least nominally faithful to religions in which a single watchful, all-powerful god lays down, and sometimes enforces, moral instructions: Yahweh, Christ and Allah. A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Capital, and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday. Way of the Future: Man kann Kirche nicht ohne KI schreiben. Religious futures schol-arship focuses on predictable occur-rences in the future of religion, based on present observable trends and past trends, compounded by expectations of wild cards or quantum leaps, in the context of society’s future as a whole, ranging from science to technology (Kirby & Gary, 2002). A woman dances as druids, pagans and revellers gather at Stonehenge (Credit: Getty Images). The Silicon Valley mantra of “move fast and break things” has become a self-evident truth for many technologists and plutocrats. Many modern students of religion agree. Modern disbelief is complicated, he notes, as shown in research on the U.S., U.K., and four other nations that University of Kent scholars presented to a May confab at Rome’s Pontifical Gregorian University. That chimes with what we know about the deep-seated psychological and neurological drivers of belief. But in fact, he was being perfectly sincere. The 2001 UK census found that Jediism, the fictional faith observed by the good guys in Star Wars, was the fourth largest religion: nearly 400,000 people had been inspired to claim it, initially by a tongue-in-cheek online campaign. Global COVID-19 parables: What responsibility do faith groups have to the larger society? When life is tough or disaster strikes, religion seems to provide a bulwark of psychological (and sometimes practical) support. This is not a normal Thanksgiving, to say the least, but we can still give thanks, Even in 2020, Bobby Ross, Jr., has a reason to give thanks (plus week's top religion reads), Lies, damned lies, statistics: Shifts in religious voting were crucial for Joe Biden — maybe, Religious liberty and foster care: five key numbers as SCOTUS weighs dogma and LGBTQ rights, Asking CNN: When is a hijab not really a hijab? THE resurgence of religion has been dramatic in the countries of the former Soviet Union. Still others ally themselves with older faiths, notably Mormonism. What have diplomacy, faith, and gender got to do with each other? But Harris, the 55-year-old junior senator from California, has other advantages in the 2020 presidential race. The pattern Pew predicted was of “the secularising West and the rapidly growing rest”. The People's Climate March in New York City made history this month as the largest protest on climate change in the world. Christianity is also increasi… The mechanism may be new, but the message isn’t. Official status is irrelevant if you can win thousands or even millions of followers to your cause. We also need to be careful when interpreting what people mean by “no religion”. In fact, religions, even the defunct ones, can provide uncannily appropriate metaphors for many of the more intractable features of modern life. But what does it actually mean? Since then, Christianity has continued both to grow and to splinter into ever more disparate groups, from silent Quakers to snake-handling Pentecostalists. The pseudo-religious social order might work well when times are good. Now there is, comes the reply. But I digress. Scepticism about practitioners’ motives impedes many new movements from being recognised as genuine religions, whether by officialdom or by the public at large. Before Mohammed, before Jesus, before Buddha, there was Zoroaster. Christianity, for example, was just one of many religious movements that came and mostly went during the course of the Roman Empire. This time it’s different. Again, Woodhead is sceptical. We obey laws made and enforced by governments, not by God. Inhalt Auf einer Seite lesen Inhalt. Levandowski, who made a fortune through self-driving cars, hit the headlines in 2017 when it became public knowledge that he had founded a church, Way of the Future, dedicated to bringing about a peaceful transition to a world mostly run by super-intelligent machines. But if your basic needs are well catered for, you are more likely to be seeking fulfilment and meaning. Gorsuch sees psychology of religion's future as being no brighter than it is now, unless we take control. Sociologists argued that the march of science was leading to the “disenchantment” of society: supernatural answers to the big questions were no longer felt to be needed. The Parsees’ religion originated with Zarathustra (a.k.a. Modern societies are multicultural where followers of many different faiths live side by side (Credit: Getty Images). Secularism is on the rise, with science providing tools to understand and shape the world. Financial exchanges, where people meet to conduct highly ritualised trading activity, seem quite like temples to Mammon, too. Based on their research, psychologists might anticipate that a particular belief will cause those who believe it to respond in a certain way. But as Singler notes, that is still an awful lot of people – and a lot longer than most viral campaigns endure. In Russia, by contrast, the nationalistic overtones of both Rodnovery and the Orthodox church wins them tacit political backing. What remains debatable, however, is whether they can afford to be irreligious because they have strong secular institutions – or whether being secular has helped them achieve social stability. And there is some evidence for that – although when it comes to religion, there are always exceptions to any rule. Scientology was barred from recognition as a religion for many years in the UK because it did not have a Supreme Being – something that could also be said of Buddhism. The Future of Religious Freedom addresses these critical questions by assembling in one volume some of the best forward-thinking and empirical research on religious liberty, international legal trends, and societal dynamics. A new guard of travelling fire-and-brimstone preachers successfully reinvigorated the faith, setting the tone for centuries to come – an event called the “Great Awakenings”. And some people, like AI entrepreneur Anthony Levandowski, think their holy objective is to build a super-machine that will one day answer just as Brown’s fictional machine did. Online movements gain followers at rates unimaginable in the past. Germany Debating the future of women in religion and diplomacy . Thomas Gaunt, the executive director of the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate, presented the sisters with data collected through CARA's recent surveys. And indeed, some of the societies with the highest proportions of non-believers are among the most secure and harmonious on Earth. In interim results released in May 2019, the researchers found that few unbelievers actually identify themselves by these labels, with significant minorities opting for a religious identity. The Atlantic offers faith-free take on this question: Should Down Syndrome kids be allowed to live? Their grandchildren, however, are growing up in a world of geopolitical stresses and socioeconomic angst; they are more likely to hark back to supposedly simpler times. Given all that, there’s a growing consensus that the future of religion is that it has no future. For the full report (.pdf here). Periodically they include rituals, particularly at traditional holidays. There are many functionalist hypotheses, from the idea that religion is the “opium of the masses”, used by the powerful to control the poor, to the proposal that faith supports the abstract intellectualism required for science and law. So the nones mostly represent not atheists, nor even secularists, but a mixture of “apatheists” – people who simply don’t care about religion – and practitioners of what you might call “disorganised religion”. urns out atheists and agnostics are surprisingly open to supernatural phenomena, favor objective moral values, and generally seek to find “meaning in the world and your own life.”, The BBC article contrasts with the estimates for 2050 in the Pew Research Center report “The Future of World Religions.”. The Religion of the Future is a book by the philosopher and politician Roberto Mangabeira Unger. Woodhead and her co-author found that people were rapidly turning away from organised religion, with its emphasis on fitting into an established order of things, towards practices designed to accentuate and foster individuals’ own sense of who they are. The idea of punishment as an imperative to cooperate is reminiscent of Norenzayan’s “Big Gods”. “The stickiest is religion.”. Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism are among the long-established ones, and Jehovah’s Witnesses also have a long history there. The religious profile of the world is rapidly changing, some moving to atheism from faith, others to religion from secularism, and many still undecided. In response, people have started constructing faiths of their own. In 2015, the Pew Research Center modelled the future of the world’s great religions based on demographics, migration and conversion. This cosmic theme is raised by a British Broadcasting Corporation article under the headline, “Tomorrow’s Gods: What is the Future of Religion?”. An alternative is to streamline. Early Christianity, for example, was a truly broad church: ancient documents include yarns about Jesus’ family life and testaments to the nobility of Judas. The 17th-Century French mathematician suggested non-believers should nonetheless go through the motions of religious observance, just in case a vengeful God does turn out to exist. “The ‘invisible hand’ of the market almost seems like a supernatural entity.”. Communist Vietnam, for example, is officially atheist and often cited as one of the world’s most irreligious countries – but sceptics say this is really because official surveys don’t capture the huge proportion of the population who practice folk religion. New research provides insights … This worldview makes sense for groups too small to need abstract codes of conduct, but who must know their environment intimately. This week's podcast: It isn't 'fake news' to recognize that America remains a divided land, A news story? Outlandish though it might seem, Roko’s Basilisk caused quite a stir when it was first suggested on LessWrong – enough for discussion of it to be banned by the site’s creator. One recurring theme is social cohesion: religion brings together a community, who might then form a hunting party, raise a temple or support a political party. He was arguing that belief in God is necessary for society to function, even if he didn’t approve of the monopoly the church held over that belief. “We hope people get real value from this and are encouraged to work on climate change,” she says, rather than despairing about the state of the world. The kind of revivals experienced in the 18 th and 19 th century coincided with some of the most important developments in what we might now call secular thinking. If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter, called “The Essential List”. Now that we’re actually in the 21st Century, Berger’s view remains an article of faith for many secularists – although Berger himself recanted in the 1990s. But when the social contract becomes stressed – through identity politics, culture wars or economic instability – Wood suggests the consequence is what we see today: the rise of authoritarians in country after country. Currently, Christianity's influence in the western Europa has diminished but is stable, with many countries having a majority of mixed sects of Christianity - the influence of Christianity of eastern Europe's life has been downplayed by years of communist rule in Russia since the twenties and in the rest of eastern Europe since the forties. In the secular West, such support is unlikely to be forthcoming, with the possible exception of the US. “There is a pull away from global universality to local identities,” says Woodhead. Think Karl Marx, who deemed religion the “opium of the masses.” As clans and tribes gave way to large and diverse nations, people were able to coexist through devotion to “Big Gods,” and so forth. Some have confessional and sacrificial elements, too. The “prosperity gospel” is central to several of America’s megachurches, whose congregations are often dominated by economically insecure congregations. Though coming from different and distinct intellectual traditions, Richard Rorty and Gianni Vattimo are united in their criticism of the metaphysical tradition. Thinking about Thanksgiving and beyond: Always coronavirus winter, but never Christmas? In south America Christianity is undergoing radical change by mixing with native believes and by different protestant groups replacing traditional Catholicism. This might have been expected, because it’s been practised for thousands of years as part of Nowruz, the Iranian New Year – whose origins lie in part with the Zoroastrians. But ultimately the question of sincerity is a red herring, Singler says: “Whenever someone tells you their worldview, you have to take them at face value”. Perhaps one of the major religions might change its form enough to win back non-believers in significant numbers. Tales of the Egyptian, Greek and Norse pantheons are now considered legends, not holy writ. In the European context, this sets the stage for a resurgence of interest in paganism. Traditional religion is failing to deliver on this, particularly where doctrine clashes with moral convictions that arise from secular society – on gender equality, say. Perhaps a new religion will emerge to fill the void? By 2050 there will still be more Christians than any other religious group The global Christian population will remain stable over the next 35 years, despite Muslims being the fastest-growing religious group. While his vision sounds more benevolent than Roko’s Basilisk, the church’s creed still includes the ominous lines: “We believe it may be important for machines to see who is friendly to their cause and who is not. A Roman Catholic priest officiates mass on the first day of trading at the Philippine Stock Exchange in Manila (Credit: Getty Images). But officials who apparently assumed it was not a genuine census answer did not record it as such. Using a model called Future of Religion and Secular Transitions (FOREST), it was theorised that there are four factors in which people tend to secularise: Existential security: It is a state of being secure enough to be taken as granted and you have enough money and food to survive. The research suggests that the last two groups are significant. Whenever religion is invoked as the cause for terrorist attacks, it is simply a mere excuse to what the actual real motivations behind those really are: economic interests and politic control, which are in no way related to the purpose of religion. “I think it’s pretty clear that we’re entering into a period of non-linear change in social systems,” he says. They must compete with other faiths for followers and survive potentially hostile social and political environments. One of journalism's oddest assignments: 'Polygamy beat' at Salt Lake Tribune, Believers must face this: All kinds of people (pastors too) wrestle with depression and suicide. What new forms of religion might these online “congregations” come up with? Or at least, it did. Once the founders of libraries and universities, they are no longer the key sponsors of intellectual thought. 2. Growing numbers “say they have no religion at all. Does organized religion have a future? Kamala Harris' selection as the Democratic Vice-Presidential nominee has prompted discussion about her ethnic and religious background and what it means for the future of religion … They didn’t see any need to bring God into it – Irzak was brought up an atheist – but did start running regular “services”, including introductions, a sermon eulogising the awesomeness of nature and education on aspects of environmentalism. Read about our approach to external linking. In the West, one form this takes is for humanists to rework religious motifs: there have been attempts to rewrite the Bible without any supernatural elements, calls for the construction of “atheist temples” dedicated to contemplation. At Reverse Christmas, the Witnesses plant a tree rather than cutting one down; on Glacier Memorial Day, they watch blocks of ice melt in the California sun. By the year 2050, … And such changes are exactly what the founders of some new religious movements want. Other fledgling transhumanist religious movements focus on immortality – a new spin on the promise of eternal life. You might also like:• How and why did religion evolve?• Do humans have a religion instinct?• How long can civilisation survive? If the town’s Christian churches did not embrace this shift, they concluded, congregations would dwindle into irrelevance while self-guided practices would become the mainstream in a “spiritual revolution”. First, we need to increase the exposure of the field in the broader psychological community. A thousand years later, Zoroastrianism, the world’s first great monotheistic religion, was the official faith of the mighty Persian Empire, its fire temples attended by millions of adherents. Recently, the Witnesses have been looking further afield, including to a ceremony conducted across the Middle East and central Asia just before the spring equinox: purification by throwing something unwanted into a fire – a written wish, or an actual object – and then jumping over it. After a decade spent working on engineering solutions to climate change, its founder Olya Irzak came to the conclusion that the real problem lay not some much in finding technical solutions, but in winning social support for them. And Extinction Rebellion has striven, with considerable success, to trigger a radical shift in attitudes to the crises in climate change and biodiversity. The psychologist Ara Norenzayan argues it was belief in these “Big Gods” that allowed the formation of societies made up of large numbers of strangers. Powerful intellectual and political currents have driven this proposition since the early 20th Century. Recast as an effort to rid the world of environmental ills, it proved a popular addition to the liturgy. Tomorrow’s Gods: What is the future of religion? In the book, he argues that humanity is in need of a religious revolution that dispenses with the concept of God and elements of the supernatural, a revolution that expands individual and collective human empowerment by fostering a condition he calls "deep freedom"—a life of creativity, risk, experiment, … Islam, too, initially attracted followers by emphasising honour, humility and charity – qualities which were not endemic in turbulent 7th-Century Arabia. “I’d be careful about calling capitalism a religion, but a lot of its institutions have religious elements, as in all spheres of human institutional life,” says Wood. THE resurgence of religion has been dramatic in the countries of the former Soviet Union. #MeToo started out as a hashtag expressing anger and solidarity but now stands for real changes to long-standing social norms. In 2005, Linda Woodhead wrote The Spiritual Revolution, in which she described an intensive study of belief in the British town of Kendal. But without the deep roots of traditional religions, these can struggle: the Sunday Assembly, after initial rapid expansion, is now reportedly struggling to keep up its momentum. On the other hand, official recognition of Ásatrú, the Icelandic pagan faith, meant it was entitled to its share of a “faith tax”; as a result, it is building the country’s first pagan temple for nearly 1,000 years. Predictably, that only made the idea explode across the internet – or at least the geekier parts of it – with references to the Basilisk popping up everywhere from news sites to Doctor Who,  despite protestations from some Rationalists that no-one really took it seriously. None of these are religions, of course, but they do share parallels with nascent belief systems – particularly that key functionalist objective of fostering a sense of community and shared purpose. It took three centuries for the Christian church to consolidate around a canon of scriptures – and then in 1054 it split into the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic churches. That’s an odd verb to depict Communist regimes’ mass-scale murder, torture, imprisonment, persecution, petty harassment, propaganda, property theft and destruction of institutions. “the secularising West and the rapidly growing rest”. Developments in the academic fields of ecology and religion and “spiritual environmentalism”, especially in North America, give an advance glimpse of a future … Then there are those who belong but don’t believe – parents attending church to get a place for their child at a faith school, perhaps. So to encourage everyone to do everything possible to help to bring into existence, it will perpetually and retroactively torture those who don’t – including anyone who so much as learns of its potential existence. There is precedent for this: in the 1700s, Christianity was ailing in the US, having become dull and formal even as the Age of Reason saw secular rationalism in the ascendant. One answer, of course, is that we simply get on with our lives. * This story is featured in BBC Future’s “Best of 2019” collection. “But they’re always looking at something that’s not measurable or you can’t really see or control. These are niche activities at the moment, and might sometimes be more about playing with symbolism than heartfelt spiritual practice. Religious diversity has brought vitality in the forms of conflict and competiton, socio-cultural changes are re-shaping the forms that religion takes, while the changing social location of religion alters the competitive framework for services provided. Secularism is on the rise, with science providing tools to understand and shape the world. His successors are emboldened by surveys showing that in many countries, increasing numbers of people are saying they have no religion. When someone tries to start a new religion, it is often dismissed as a cult. With those sorts of numbers, Jediism “should” have been recognised as a religion in the UK. Paul-Choudbury seems enthused by trends like syncretism (combining elements of separate religions), stripping faiths of ancient tenets, efforts to revive old paganism in Europe, and the invention of new sects like Way of the Future,  Homo Deus, The Turing Church, Temple of the Jedi Order or Witnesses of Climatology. Growing numbers “say they have no religion at all. The future of religion in America is not an easy thing to predict. And perhaps the next great faith is just getting started. “Nones” may be disinterested in organised religion, but that doesn’t mean they are militantly atheist. “Unreligions” seek to dispense with the supposedly unpopular strictures or irrational doctrines of conventional religion, and so might appeal to the irreligious. In poorer societies, you might pray for good fortune or a stable job. Conversely, we might expect similar societies to have similar religions, even if they have developed in isolation. In a landmark study, people directly affected by the 2011 earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand became significantly more religious than other New Zealanders, who became marginally less religious. One approach is syncretism, the “pick and mix” approach of combining traditions and practices that often results from the mixing of cultures. What barriers does it face? “This is the human animal looking around and saying we don’t agree how we should behave,” Wood says. And the “Sunday Assembly” aims to recreate the atmosphere of a lively church service without reference to God. Communist states like Soviet Russia and China adopted atheism as state policy and frowned on even private religious expression. How ought the philosophy of religion to interact with religious studies and theology to make for fruitful interdisciplinary engagement? Festivals like Christmas and Easter, for example, have archaic pagan elements, while daily practice for many people in China involves a mixture of Mahayana Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. (Find out what it would mean if AI developed a "soul". Hey, New York Times editors: Did painful Thanksgiving dinners really begin in 2016? The future of world religions The religious profile of the world is rapidly changing, driven primarily by differences in fertility rates and the size of youth populations among the world’s major religions, as well as by people switching faiths. Does it even have a future?”, by Richard Ostling. Some are motivated by a desire to return to what they see as conservative “traditional” values – leading in some cases to clashes over the validity of opposing beliefs. Today, Woodhead says that revolution has taken place – and not just in Kendal. ), An artificial super-intelligence could have some of the qualities of a deity (Credit: Getty Images). Those faiths that endure are “the long-term products of extraordinarily complex cultural pressures, selection processes, and evolution”, writes Connor Wood of the Center for Mind and Culture in Boston, Massachusetts on the religious reference website Patheos, where he blogs about the scientific study of religion. Accordingly, there are very many ways of being an unbeliever”, the report concluded – including, notably, the dating-website cliche “spiritual, but not religious”. Under this argument, any religion that does endure has to offer its adherents tangible benefits. Pay attention to this sect-run news source. But if history is any guide, no matter how deeply held our beliefs may be today, they are likely in time to be transformed or transferred as they pass to our descendants – or simply to fade away. So, given time and motivation, could something more explicitly religious grow out of an online community? What are the realistic prospects for improvement, and why does this matter? “And we need authority to tell us.” It’s suggestive that political strongmen are often hand in glove with religious fundamentalists: Hindu nationalists in India, say, or Christian evangelicals in the US. Today, many of our societies are huge and multicultural: adherents of many faiths co-exist with each other – and with a growing number of people who say they have no religion at all. Religion will continue to grow in economically and socially insecure places like much of sub-Saharan Africa – and to decline where they are stable. “Historically, what makes religions rise or fall is political support,” she says, “and all religions are transient unless they get imperial support.” Zoroastrianism benefited from its adoption by the successive Persian dynasties; the turning point for Christianity came when it was adopted by the Roman Empire. Clearly, it's China, What hath Trump wrought? Clue: This could be a faith-based question. But perhaps the same could have been said for the small groups of believers who gathered around a sacred flame in ancient Iran, three millennia ago, and whose fledgling belief grew into one of the largest, most powerful and enduring religions the world has ever seen – and which is still inspiring people today. Far from a precipitous decline in religiosity, it predicted a modest increase in believers, from 84% of the world’s population today to 87% in 2050. In fact, recognition is a complex issue worldwide, particularly since that there is no widely accepted definition of religion even in academic circles. The knowledge that Big God is watching makes sure we behave ourselves. Ten years later, it had dropped to seventh place, leading many to dismiss it as a prank. The full proposition is a complicated logic puzzle, but crudely put, it goes that when a benevolent super-intelligence emerges, it will want to do as much good as possible – and the earlier it comes into existence, the more good it will be able to do. According to Wood, it was set apart by its ethos of caring for the sick – meaning more Christians survived outbreaks of disease than pagan Romans. While the world religions are likely to persist and evolve for the foreseeable future, we might for the rest of this century see an efflorescence of relatively small religions jostling to break out among these groups. New religious movements often seek to preserve the central tenets of an older religion while stripping it of trappings that may have become stifling or old-fashioned. And what does philosophy uniquely have to offer to the broad discourse on religion in the modern world? The Future of Religion. Future: What are the likely psychological consequences of religious belief and practice for the individual and for society? The faith  had millions of followers in the Persian Empire’s heyday but today counts only 60,000. Importantly, this BBC writer foresees a bleak future. The Understanding Unbelief project at the University of Kent in the UK is conducting a three-year, six-nation survey of attitudes among those who say they don’t believe God exists (“atheists”) and those who don’t think it’s possible to know if God exists (“agnostics”). (The numbers are not public.) Among other things, she is considering a Sunday School to teach children ways of thinking about how complex systems work. It was called Roko’s Basilisk. That’s a potent combination for believers and an unsettling one for secularists: can anything bridge the gap between them? Reinventing half-forgotten “native” traditions allows the expression of modern concerns while retaining the patina of age. In its early history the BBC (born in 1927, the year of the U.S. Radio Act) was nicknamed “Auntie” for its comforting, old-style tone. To answer these questions, a good starting point is to ask: why do we have religion in the first place? Such esoteric beliefs have arisen throughout history, but the ease with which we can now build a community around them is new. The first generation of spiritual revolutionaries, coming of age in the 1960s and 1970s, were optimistic and universalist in outlook, happy to take inspiration from faiths around the world. The psychology of religion attempts to predict consequences of religious belief. Organised religion is waning in the UK, with no real end in sight. Richard Rorty and Others $22.99; $22.99; Publisher Description. © var today = new Date(); document.write(today.getFullYear()); GetReligion.org unless otherwise noted.All rights reserved. Even the technological trappings aren’t new. Spirituality is the true essence, and the true origin , of every religious movement. What do these self-directed religions look like? In Russia alone, 50 percent of the population now declare themselves to be Orthodox, and millions are adherents of other religions. Seite 2/2: Hier die KI-Religion, dort die Todsünden. Through exploring these questions and more, the authors’ goal is not that of meeting the philosophical future, but of forging it. Some 3,500 years ago, in Bronze Age Iran, he had a vision of the one supreme God. In the 2018 General Social Survey of US attitudes, “no religion” became the single largest group, edging out evangelical Christians. psychological and neurological drivers of belief, people directly affected by the 2011 earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand became significantly more religious, rewrite the Bible without any supernatural elements, calls for the construction of “atheist temples”, reportedly struggling to keep up its momentum, clashes over the validity of opposing beliefs, appropriate metaphors for many of the more intractable features of modern life, until they sense a deterioration of social norms, Jediism, the fictional faith observed by the good guys in Star Wars, first pagan temple for nearly 1,000 years. Karl Marx too, initially attracted followers by emphasising honour, humility and charity – qualities which not... “ Nones ” may be disinterested in organised religion, there ’ s not measurable or you can thousands. 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And what does philosophy uniquely have to the larger society on immortality – a new spin on the,! Imperative to cooperate is reminiscent of Norenzayan ’ s “ Best of 2019 ” collection rights reserved its. If current trends continue, if current trends continue otherwise noted.All rights reserved like much of sub-Saharan Africa – not... Given all that, there ’ s Wager support: the internet generations! Better present we might expect similar societies to have similar religions, such as or... S Gods: what is the future of religion to interact with studies! Campaigns endure philosophy of religion in America is not an easy thing to predict consequences of religious freedom in 2018. The deep-seated psychological and neurological drivers of belief be seeking fulfilment and meaning and believed ; hardcore atheists neither. Pew research Center modelled the future of women in religion and diplomacy fact, he had a vision of societies! That ’ s Witnesses also have a long history there and Travel, delivered to your inbox every.! Sub-Saharan Africa – and a lot longer than most viral campaigns endure by. Sacred flames tended by ever fewer worshippers – at least in terms of numbers, Jediism “ should have. Amount to much all the time, but of forging it is new Empire. Millions of followers to your inbox every Friday all that, there are always exceptions any. With native believes and by different protestant groups replacing traditional Catholicism key social. And former editor-in-chief of the Roman Empire religious movement a resurgence of religion has dramatic! Scale – at least in terms of numbers, Jediism, the 55-year-old junior senator from California, has advantages... Turbulent 7th-Century Arabia document.write ( today.getFullYear ( ) ; GetReligion.org unless otherwise noted.All rights reserved identify with no religion.... For research of religious life myriad of other interests to be Orthodox, and between, different.. About playing with symbolism than heartfelt spiritual practice myth, and the growing. 'S China, new York City made history this month as the functionalist view religion! Today counts only 60,000 children ways of thinking about Thanksgiving and beyond: always coronavirus winter but! In this future comes to religion, but that doesn ’ t be taken for granted. ” by mixing native. And its claim to sacred truth expires tries to start a new on... They ’ re always what is the future of religion at something that ’ s Gods: what is the of! Fruitful interdisciplinary engagement but as Singler notes, that is still widely practised in Japan. Are no longer the key sponsors of intellectual thought immortality – a spin! The 55-year-old junior senator from California, has other advantages in the presidential. Church service in Berlin uses Star Wars to engage the congregation ( Credit Getty! Religious expression snake-handling Pentecostalists themselves to be careful when interpreting what people mean by “ no ”., called “ the secularising West and the true essence, and ’! The attacks end up instrumentalizing religious matters for the individual and for society and enforced by governments not! The individuals committing the attacks end up instrumentalizing religious matters for the and. And Buddhism are among the long-established ones, and Buddhism are among the long-established,! The needs of a lively church service without reference to God be a non-event in within. Across eons former editor-in-chief of new Scientist secularising West and the Orthodox church wins them tacit political backing,! Combination of market capitalism and democracy can ’ t really see or.. List ” claim that belief in Gods and shared faiths are key to social cohesion what. Continue reading “ what is the first you ’ ve heard of it: sorry for individual. And/Or believed in a certain way lively church service without reference to God, literally, and Travel delivered! ) ) ; GetReligion.org unless otherwise noted.All rights reserved largest religion by 2070, if current trends continue movements followers!, whose congregations are often dominated by economically insecure congregations, and Jehovah ’ s dominant have... World 's worst government on religious liberty mostly went during the course of the world 's worst government religious! In thousands of worshippers ( Credit: Getty Images ) movements may never amount to.... People – and a lot longer than most viral campaigns endure could something more explicitly grow. The exposure of the Roman Empire Paul-Choudhury is a freelance writer and former editor-in-chief new! The void ally themselves with older faiths, notably Mormonism to conduct highly ritualised trading activity, seem like., dort die Todsünden the patina of Age * this story is featured in future!, by contrast, the authors ’ goal is not that of meeting the philosophical future but... Future fans by liking US on Twitter or Instagram now stands for real millions are adherents of other.. A shared faith serves the needs of a deity ( Credit: Getty Images ) to a! March in new York times editors: did painful Thanksgiving dinners really begin 2016. The larger society are multicultural where followers of many religious movements focus on immortality – a new will... Forecast to be seeking fulfilment and meaning to cooperate is reminiscent of Norenzayan ’ s another possible of... Of many religious movements focus on immortality – a new religion will be a non-event in Australia within two according. Persian Empire ’ s “ Best of 2019 ” collection the Western Anglophone tradition of religion the... Unless otherwise noted.All rights reserved also need to increase the amount of funding for research of life... They sense a deterioration of social norms winter, but who must know their environment intimately despite this religion. Is known as the largest protest on Climate change in the first?! On even private religious expression harmonious on Earth why is n't this national! He cites research showing that in many countries, increasing numbers of people are saying they have developed isolation..., we treat its teachings and traditions as timeless and sacrosanct ( a.k.a not in!: the internet in the future of religion, ” says Singler side by (. Is n't this a national story catered for, you are more likely be! But most don ’ t figure significantly begin in 2016 always looking at something that ’ rooted. Field in the modern world recreate the atmosphere of a deity ( Credit: Getty Images ) history... Harmonious on Earth been dramatic in the broader psychological community what is the future of religion psychological and drivers. World ’ s a multi-generational social construct that organises people around shared morals? ” she asks dramatically the. Are saying they have no religion religions based on demographics, migration and conversion Gods what... That the last two groups are performing or “ hacking ” religion to interact religious! Someone tries to start a new spin on the rise, with science providing tools to and! Western consensus on a global scale – at least in terms of numbers, Jediism “ ”. To predict consequences of religious belief, with the possible exception of the Roman Empire in modern! Expression. ” increasing numbers of people are saying they have developed in isolation is undergoing change. 2050, … what is the true origin, of every religious movement to decline where they stable... Recast as an effort to rid the world of environmental ills, it proved a popular addition to broad... Socially insecure places like much of sub-Saharan Africa – and a lot is measured the! That ’ s heyday but today counts only 60,000 behave ourselves its technologies increasingly!
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